Community health is a major field of study within the medical and clinical sciences which focuses on the maintenance, protection, and improvement of the health status of population groups and communities.
It is a distinct field of study that may be taught within a separate school of public health or environmental health.
Medical interventions that occur in communities can be classified as three categories:
- Primary care
- Secondary care, and
- Tertiary care.
Primary prevention refers to the early avoidance and identification of risk factors that may lead to certain diseases and disabilities.
Community focused efforts including immunizations, classroom teaching, and awareness campaigns are all good examples of how primary prevention techniques are utilized by communities to change certain health behaviors.
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Secondary prevention refers to improvements made in a patient’s lifestyle or environment after the onset of disease or disability.
This sort of prevention works to make life easier for the patient, since it’s too late to prevent them from their current disease or disability.
In tertiary healthcare, community health can only be affected with professional medical care involving the entire population.
Patients need to be referred to specialists and undergo advanced medical treatment.
The success of community health programmes relies upon the transfer of information from health professionals to the general public using one-to-one or one to many communication (mass communication).
List Of Universities Offering Community Health In Nigeria
These are the universities offering community health in Nigeria, both for first degree and Masters degree levels. Below is a list of them:
- Babcock University
- Madonna University
- National Open University
- Federal University of Technology, Owerri
- Bauchi State University
- Adeleke University
- Obafemi Awolowo University, Ile- Ife
- Ahmadu Bello University Zaria
- University of Ibadan
- University of Lagos
- University of Port Harcourt
- University of Calabar
Before you gain admission to any of the schools listed above, you must meet to their requirements. Different schools have their different requirements.
Subject Combination/Jamb Utme Requirements
In UTME, please note that English Language is Compulsory for this course. The three (3) other JAMB UTME subject combination needed to study Community Health under the Faculty of Medical, Pharmaceutical & Health Sciences in the above Universities include;
- Physics and
The O’level subject combination and requirements needed to study Community Health are;
Five O’level credit passes including English Language, Mathematics, Biology, Chemistry and physics. Obtained at not more than two sittings.
However, candidates with awaiting results may apply provided evidence of results would be available before resumption.
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